The Eyes of Earth
“A lake is earth’s eye; looking into which the beholder measures the depth of his own nature.” Henry David Thoreau
Lake Urmia is located in the northwest of Iran. It was once the biggest salt lake in the Middle East and sixth biggest salt lake on earth located between two important neighboring provinces (East-Azerbaijan and West-Azerbaijan) in Iran. Lake Urmia was home to many birds like ducks, pelicans, and flamingoes.10 years ago, the lake was still a popular destination for vacationers. Bathers immersed themselves in the saline water and smeared their bodies with its legendary black mud, which helped to treat skin disease.
My extended family on my mother’s side were born and lived in Sharafkhaneh port, which used to be one of the heavily traveled touristic villages on the north coast of Lake Urmia. My grandfather had built a motel beside the lake, and my uncles were sailors. Less than a decade ago, my grandfather hosted dozens of tourists a day in the summers, with his two sons taking them on boat tours.
During past 20 years, approximately 80% of this lake was dried due to climatic changes, unlimited development and planting without any investigation in the agriculture sector, lack of correct management of water consumption and excessive dams constructed on the lake’s basin river in this area.
The desiccation is one of the most unfortunate environmental disasters of Iran in recent years.it will increase the frequency of salt storms that sweep across the exposed lakebed, diminishing the productivity of surrounding land and encouraging farmers to move away. More than 4 million people live in two neighboring provinces (East-Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan) around the lake and agriculture, animal husbandry, and handicraft making play a major role in the region.
As the lake dried up, agriculture waned which caused my grandparent’s garden dry and deserted. lake’s ducks; flamingos and pelicans have vanished, too. My childhood in Sharafkhaneh seems like a long time ago. The motel is deserted, and the almond trees have shriveled. The port today is a sparsely populated village where most people are old, and it no longer resembles the place where I left my childhood memories.
The project investigates the impacts of drying of Urmia Lake on people and the environment around it and to demonstrate environmental, economic, physical and social changes that happened after lake shrinking. (the Year 2014-2017)